Vitiligo provokes the skin to lose its actual colour. Patches of lighter skin develop. Vitiligo normally starts with some small white patches that may slowly develop over the body over the course of several months. Vitiligo typically occurs on the hands, forearms, feet, and face but can happen on any part of the body, some people lose colour inside their mouth. Also, an eye can lose some of its colours. Vitiligo ranges in the amount of skin affected, with some patients undergoing few depigmented patches and others with extensive loss of skin colour. What creates this colour loss is still a mystery. We do know that vitiligo is not infectious. It is not life-threatening. Some people develop low self-esteem. They may no longer want to be social. They can develop serious depression.

Types of Vitiligo

  • Generalized - which is the most common type, when macules appear in various places on the body.

  • Segmental - which is limited to one side of the body or one section, such as the hands or face.

  • Mucosal -  which affects mucous membranes of the mouth and/or the genitals.

  • Focal - which is a rare type in which the macules are in a small area and do not spread in a regular pattern within one to two years.

  • Trichome - which means that there is a white or colourless centre, then an area of lighter pigmentation, and then an area of normally coloured skin.

  • Universal - another rare type of vitiligo, and one in which more than 80% of the skin of the body lacks pigment.

Everything You Need to Know

Causes & Symtoms

Till today the causes of vitiligo aren’t fully known, there are a number of diverse speculations:

  • Autoimmune disorder: The affected person’s immune system may produce antibodies that kill melanocytes.

  • Genetic factors: Some factors that may raise the possibility of getting vitiligo can be inherited. About 30% of vitiligo cases appear in families.

  • Neurogenic factors: A substance that is toxic to melanocytes may be released at nerve endings in the skin.

  • Self-destruction: A break in the melanocytes causes them to destroy themselves.

The main symptom of vitiligo is loss of natural colour. The spots can show up on any part of your body and can affect:

  • Skin, which gets milky-white patches, usually on the hands, feet, arms, and face.

  • Hair, which can turn white on the scalp, eyebrow, eyelash, and beard.

  • The inside of your mouth or nose.


I have vitiligo. Today a kid told me ‘I think God couldn’t choose which colour to make you, you’re beautiful like the rainbow!'” 
-Winnie Harlow



There are several treatment options. The aim of most treatments is to recover lost skin color. The kind of treatment that is most suitable for you will depend on your preference, overall health, age, and where the vitiligo appears on your body. Vitiligo treatment, if taken at the appropriate time, can assure that the condition does not develop further. A lot of methods are available for Vitiligo treatment at The Skin Doctors. This includes using some topical creams that may help to some amount. Additional treatments are provided by exposing the affected area to rays- laser rays, UVA rays or lightbox. When the affected area is small then laser or UVA rays can be delivered. When the areas are quite large then a lightbox may be utilised. Light treatment has signified successful in some of the cases. Vitiligo surgery is another way of treatment. This treatment experiences the greatest success. Nevertheless, this is normally prescribed only for adults and once it is ascertained that the disease is stable- i.e. the vitiligo affected area is not rising.

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